Not everyone has the same mindset about work. Some people focus right away on the task at hand and complete it in an efficient manner. Others, however, wait until the last minute to complete their tasks, and this can lead to inferior results.
There can be a number of reasons why employees procrastinate, but there are ways to solve the problem:
1. Decide what needs to be done. If an individual has trouble figuring out what the Big Picture is, talk to him or her about the overall mission of the company. Explain the department's role in this as well as the worker's role within that department. From here, guide the employee in prioritizing and establishing goals that work to achieve the organizational mission.
2. Determine how to proceed. A worker might know what projects he or she wants to pursue but may have trouble getting out of the starting gate. Help the employee set goals and break down complex jobs into manageable ones. Be sure to follow up and make sure these goals are completed on schedule.
3. Maintain the pace. A worker might fly out of the gate, but his or her motivation might begin to dwindle over the long haul and end up fading down the stretch. Go back to setting smaller goals, and try to reward their efforts for reaching these goals. These rewards don't have to be extravagant--a simple "Good job!" might suffice to keep motivation up and running.